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FDC1004 Capacitive Sensor

 
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ressas



Joined: 15 Nov 2019
Posts: 135

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FDC1004 Capacitive Sensor
PostPosted: Sat May 16, 2020 6:46 am     Reply with quote

Hello to everyone.
I also tried the last capacitive integration I have.
But I saw that the values in him also slipped.
I have tried MPR121 before.
His datasheet and appnotes are too long.
I made progress with the help of Ttelmah and temtronic.
But I did not get proper results.

The integrated FDC1004 I have just tried. Its code and datasheet are shorter.
I am throwing my own code below. Please tell me what I did wrong. The values I read are shifting by themselves. However, they should have changed only when the object approached.
I was unable to make any progress for the MPR121. I think this will be my last try.
Thank you for your help


FDC1004.H
Code:

//This registers for read value
#define MEAS1_MSB  0x00  // Read FOR Firs channel MSB (16 bit)
#define MEAS1_LSB  0x01  // Read FOR Firs channel LSB (8 bit msb)
#define MEAS2_MSB  0x02  // Read FOR Second channel MSB (16 bit)
#define MEAS2_LSB  0x03  // Read FOR Second channel LSB (8 bit msb)
#define MEAS3_MSB  0x04  // Read FOR Third channel MSB (16 bit)
#define MEAS3_LSB  0x05  // Read FOR Third channel LSB (8 bit msb)
#define MEAS4_MSB  0x06  // Read FOR fourth channel MSB (16 bit)
#define MEAS4_LSB  0x07  // Read FOR fourth channel LSB (8 bit msb)

//Measurement Configuration
#define CONF_MEAS1 0x08 // Firs channel
#define CONF_MEAS2 0x09 // Second channel
#define CONF_MEAS3 0x0A // Third channel
#define CONF_MEAS4 0x0B // Fourth channel

//FDC1004 General Configuration
#define FDC_CONF 0x0C

//Adding internal capacitance
#define OFFSET_CAL_CIN1 0x0D
#define OFFSET_CAL_CIN2 0x0E
#define OFFSET_CAL_CIN3 0x0F
#define OFFSET_CAL_CIN4 0x10

//Fain Offset
#define GAIN_CAL_CIN1 0x11
#define GAIN_CAL_CIN2 0x12
#define GAIN_CAL_CIN3 0x13
#define GAIN_CAL_CIN4 0x14

#define Manufacturer_ID 0xFE // ?
#define Device_ID 0xFF       // ?

#define dev_adds 0xA0 // FDC1004 i2c address


FDC1004.C

Code:

#include "fdc1004.h"
//This i2c function sends 16 bits data
void FDC1004_write( unSIGNED INT16 address,  unSIGNED INT16 data) {             
  i2c_start();                                                             
  i2c_write(dev_adds);         
  i2c_write(address & 0xff);                                                                           
  i2c_write(data >>8);                       
  i2c_write(data);                                                                                 
  i2c_stop();                                                               
}
//This i2c function receive 16 bits data
 unSIGNED INT16 FDC1004_read(unSIGNED INT8 address) {                                   
    unSIGNED INT16 data;
   i2c_start();                                                   
   i2c_write(dev_adds);                                                     
   i2c_write(address);                                                       
   i2c_start();                                                             
   i2c_write(dev_adds + 1);                 
   unSIGNED INT8 datahigh=i2c_read();         
   unSIGNED INT8 datalow=i2c_read(0);                                                 
   
   data=make16(datahigh,datalow);                                           
   i2c_stop();
   return data;
}


void FDC1004_init()
{
   //Measurement Configuration
                                      //  ||CHA (+) slct ||CHB (-) slct ||CAPDAC ||Reserved
   FDC1004_write(CONF_MEAS1, 0x0000); //  ||000          ||000          ||00000  ||00000
   FDC1004_write(CONF_MEAS2, 0x2400); //  ||001          ||001                 
   FDC1004_write(CONF_MEAS3, 0x4800); //  ||010          ||010             
   FDC1004_write(CONF_MEAS4, 0x6C00); //  ||011          ||011         
                                             
   //FDC1004 General Configuration                                           
   FDC1004_write(FDC_CONF, 0x01F0);   //  ||RST/NRML ||Reserved ||Sample Rate ||Reserved ||Repead Mesurement
                                      //  ||   /1    ||000      ||01          ||0        ||1
                                     
                                      //  ||CH 1 2 3 4 Select   ||Mesurement Done 1 2 3 4 [READ ONLY]
                                      //  ||   1 1 1 1          ||                0 0 0 0 [READ ONLY]
   
   
   // used to add capacitance above the measured value. (+ - 16pf)
   // It is used to subtract the measured value above the parasites.
   // I'm not sure it has ideal values

   FDC1004_write(OFFSET_CAL_CIN1, 0x4fff); //
   FDC1004_write(OFFSET_CAL_CIN2, 0x4fff); //
   FDC1004_write(OFFSET_CAL_CIN3, 0x4fff); //
   FDC1004_write(OFFSET_CAL_CIN4, 0x4fff); //
   
   //Gain: I'm not sure what these registers do
   // I'm not sure it has ideal values

   FDC1004_write(GAIN_Cal_CIN1, 0x4000);  //Gain = 1
   FDC1004_write(GAIN_Cal_CIN2, 0x4000);  //Gain = 1
   FDC1004_write(GAIN_Cal_CIN3, 0x4000);  //Gain = 1
   FDC1004_write(GAIN_Cal_CIN4, 0x4000);  //Gain = 1
   
}


Main.C

Code:

#include <18f46k22.h>     
//#fuses clko
#fuses INTRC_IO,NOWDT,NOPROTECT,PUT,LVP,NOBROWNOUT ,PLLEN, NOmclr


#use delay(clock=64000000)

#use  rs232(baud=9600,parity=N,xmit=PIN_c6,rcv=PIN_c7,bits=8)
#use i2c(Master,sda=PIN_c4,scl=PIN_c3)

#include "FDC1004.c"

void main ()

   setup_oscillator(OSC_64MHZ , OSC_PLL_ON);
   FDC1004_init();

   
//1. Channel Variable   
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS1_MSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS1_LSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS1_LSB_1_H=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS1_LSB_1_L=0;
   unSIGNED INT16 done1 = 0 ;

//2. Channel Variable   
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS2_MSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS2_LSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS2_LSB_1_H=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS2_LSB_1_L=0;

//3. Channel Variable   
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS3_MSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS3_LSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS3_LSB_1_H=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS3_LSB_1_L=0;

//4. Channel Variable   
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS4_MSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT16 MEAS4_LSB_1=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS4_LSB_1_H=0;
   unSIGNED INT8 MEAS4_LSB_1_L=0; 
   
 unSIGNED INT32 value_1=0;
 unSIGNED INT32 value_2=0;
 unSIGNED INT32 value_3=0;
 unSIGNED INT32 value_4=0;

   while(true){
         
         //1.Channel Read
         done1 = FDC1004_read(FDC_CONF); //Read FDC_Conf Register
         
         if(bit_test(done1,3))           // 3. bit ?= 1
         {
         MEAS1_LSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS1_LSB);  //Read Fisrt channel LSB
         MEAS1_MSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS1_MSB);  //Read Fisrt channel MSB
         MEAS1_LSB_1_H = make8(MEAS1_LSB_1,1);   
         MEAS1_LSB_1_L = make8(MEAS1_LSB_1,0);
         value_1=make32(MEAS1_MSB_1,MEAS1_LSB_1_H); //[MEAS1_MSB 16 bit ]+ [MEAS1_LSB 8 bit] = 24 bit
         }
       
         
          //2.Channel Read
         if(bit_test(done1,2))
         {
         MEAS2_LSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS2_LSB);
         MEAS2_MSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS2_MSB);
         MEAS2_LSB_1_H = make8(MEAS2_LSB_1,1);
         MEAS2_LSB_1_L = make8(MEAS2_LSB_1,0);
         value_2=make32(MEAS2_MSB_1,MEAS2_LSB_1_H);
         }
             
       
         //3.Channel Read
         if(bit_test(done1,1))
         {
         MEAS3_LSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS3_LSB);
         MEAS3_MSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS3_MSB);
         MEAS3_LSB_1_H = make8(MEAS3_LSB_1,1);
         MEAS3_LSB_1_L = make8(MEAS3_LSB_1,0);
         value_3=make32(MEAS3_MSB_1,MEAS3_LSB_1_H);
         }
           
         
         //4.Channel Read
         if(bit_test(done1,0))
         {
         MEAS4_LSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS4_LSB);
         MEAS4_MSB_1 = FDC1004_read(MEAS4_MSB);
         MEAS4_LSB_1_H = make8(MEAS4_LSB_1,1);
         MEAS4_LSB_1_L = make8(MEAS4_LSB_1,0);
         value_4=make32(MEAS4_MSB_1,MEAS4_LSB_1_H);
         }
         printf(" %ld  %ld %ld %ld\n" , value_1, value_2, value_3, value_4);
}}
Ttelmah



Joined: 11 Mar 2010
Posts: 18380

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PostPosted: Sat May 16, 2020 7:11 am     Reply with quote

Seriously, as pointed out before, a huge amount depends on the actual
design of your sensor. How the board is laid out...
Now that you have a second chip also experiencing bad drift, says to me
that you have not really got a good design.
Careful design of the sensor pads, can reduce EMI, and how much
things in directions that are not required, affect the reading.

Consider not using a chip at ll, but just using the PIC. All can do capacitive
sensing. For some the relaxation oscillator and counter approach, others
have the CSM or CTMU modules giving alternative ways of doing the
sensing.
Learn how the values change, and then write the code to compensate.
All capacitive sensors will drift. Temperature, humidity, and nearby mechanical
changes will affect the output. The key in the design is to have some way
to slowly adjust for such changes.
temtronic



Joined: 01 Jul 2010
Posts: 8704
Location: Greensville,Ontario

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PostPosted: Sat May 16, 2020 9:51 am     Reply with quote

As Mr. T points out the actual sensor is CRITCAL and NO amount of code can compensate for a poorly designed/built sensor. You could fill a library with 1,000s of books written about 'how to design/build/calibrate' capacitive sensors and in the end it always takes a LOT of 'testing on the bench' to get it 'right'.
In addition to the design, you need to compensate for ever changing environmental conditions, especially humidity.
We don't know your actual requirement for the 'sensor' is, perhaps there's a better option, maybe IR, uwave, ????

Jay
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